SINGAPORE–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Sea Limited (NYSE: SE) (“Sea” or the “Company”) today announced its financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

First Quarter 2019 Highlights

  • Group
    • Total adjusted revenue was US$578.8 million, up 193.8% year-on-year from US$197.0 million for the first quarter of 2018 and up 48.7% quarter-on-quarter from US$389.3 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Total adjusted EBITDA was US$(32.0) million, compared to US$(144.7) million for the first quarter of 2018 and US$(203.6) million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
  • Digital Entertainment
    • Adjusted revenue was US$393.3 million, up 169.3% year-on-year from US$146.0 million for the first quarter of 2018 and an increase of 70.0% quarter-on-quarter from US$231.4 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Adjusted EBITDA was US$225.8 million, up 310.5% year-on-year from US$55.0 million for the first quarter of 2018 and an increase of 114.7% quarter-on-quarter from US$105.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Adjusted EBITDA margin increased to 57.4% for the first quarter of 2019, from 37.7% for the first quarter of 2018 and 45.5% for the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Quarterly active users (“QAUs”) reached 271.6 million, an increase of 114.4% year-on-year from 126.7 million for the first quarter of 2018 and up 25.6% quarter-on-quarter from 216.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Quarterly paying users grew strongly, accounting for 7.6% of QAUs for the first quarter of 2019, increasing from 5.7% for the same period in 2018, and 5.5% in the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Average revenue per user was US$1.4 compared to US$1.2 for the first quarter of 2018 and US$1.1 for the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Free Fire continued to grow and recently achieved more than 450 million registered users and more than 50 million peak daily active users from over 130 markets worldwide. According to App Annie, in the first quarter of 2019, Free Fire was the second most downloaded mobile game globally across the Apple App Store and Google Play Store combined and the top mobile game in Latin America by monthly active users and downloads1.
    • Our inaugural Free Fire World Cup attracted more than 27 million online views in total and recorded peak concurrent viewers of over 1.1 million on YouTube.
    • In April 2019, we held Garena World 2019, our region’s largest eSports event, in Bangkok, Thailand. The event attracted approximately 270 thousand visitors, with total online views for the various tournaments topping 30 million.
    • We recently announced that we will be publishing Call of Duty®: Mobile, a mobile version of the classic action game developed jointly by Activision and Tencent Games, under our right of first refusal arrangement with Tencent.

1 Latin America rankings data for App Annie is based on Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Uruguay. No monthly active user data available for Uruguay.

  • E-commerce
    • Adjusted revenue was US$149.2 million, up 342.1% year-on-year from US$33.7 million for the first quarter of 2018. It was also up 17.6% quarter-on-quarter from US$126.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Adjusted revenue included US$102.0 million of marketplace revenue1, up 362.6% year-on-year from US$22.0 million for the first quarter of 2018 and up 16.4% quarter-on-quarter from US$87.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2018, and US$47.2 million of product revenue2, up 303.6% year-on-year from US$11.7 million for the first quarter of 2018 and up 20.2% quarter-on-quarter from US$39.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Gross merchandise value (“GMV”) was US$3.5 billion, an increase of 81.8% year-on-year from US$1.9 billion for the first quarter of 2018 and up 3.0% quarter-on-quarter from US$3.4 billion for the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Adjusted revenue as a percentage of GMV increased to 4.2% in the first quarter of 2019, up from 3.7% in the previous quarter and 1.7% for the same period a year ago.
    • Gross orders for the quarter totaled 203.5 million, an increase of 82.7% year-on-year from 111.4 million for the first quarter of 2018 and on par with the 206.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Sales and marketing as a percentage of GMV further decreased to 4.2% in the first quarter of 2019, down from 5.4% in the previous quarter and 6.6% for the same period a year ago. Sales and marketing expenses in absolute dollar terms decreased quarter-on-quarter in the first quarter of 2019 to US$147.9 million compared to US$184.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • Adjusted EBITDA was US$(235.3) million, compared to US$(179.6) million for the first quarter of 2018 and US$(277.5) million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
    • In Taiwan, Shopee recorded a positive quarterly adjusted EBITDA before allocation of the headquarters’ common expenses in the first quarter of 2019.
    • In Indonesia, Shopee’s largest market, Shopee recorded 83.5 million orders in the first quarter of 2019, or a daily average of 0.9 million, further extending its leadership as the largest e-commerce platform in the market.
    • According to App Annie, in the first quarter of 2019, Shopee was the most downloaded app in the Shopping Category in Southeast Asia and in Taiwan.

1 Marketplace revenue mainly consists of transaction-based fees and advertising income and revenue generated from other value-added services.

2 Product revenue mainly consists of revenue generated from direct sales.

Unaudited Summary of Financial Results

(Amounts are expressed in thousands of US dollars “$”)

For the Three Months

ended March 31,

2018 2019
$ $ YOY%
Revenue
Service revenue
Digital Entertainment 110,658 173,399 56.7 %
E-commerce and other services 32,451 130,663 302.6 %
Sales of goods 11,935 47,804 300.5 %
155,044 351,866 126.9 %
Cost of revenue
Cost of service
Digital Entertainment (63,572 ) (84,642 ) 33.1 %
E-commerce and other services (70,793 ) (174,365 ) 146.3 %
Cost of goods sold (12,154 ) (53,403 ) 339.4 %
(146,519 ) (312,410 ) 113.2 %
Gross profit 8,525 39,456 362.8 %
Other operating income 729 3,453 373.7 %
Sales and marketing expenses (152,149 ) (177,978 ) 17.0 %
General and administrative expenses (44,487 ) (75,628 ) 70.0 %
Research and development expenses (10,712 ) (28,509 ) 166.1 %
Total operating expenses (206,619 ) (278,662 ) 34.9 %
Operating loss (198,094 ) (239,206 ) 20.8 %
Non-operating loss, net (18,247 ) (442,780 )(1) 2,326.6 %
Income tax credit (expense) 755 (7,205 ) (1,054.3 )%
Share of results of equity investees (583 ) (418 ) (28.3 )%
Net loss (216,169 ) (689,609 ) 219.0 %
Net loss excluding share-based compensation and changes in fair value of the 2017 convertible notes (186,702 ) (237,290 ) 27.1 %
Adjusted revenue of Digital Entertainment (2) 146,030 393,306 169.3 %
Adjusted revenue of E-commerce (2) 33,744 149,191 342.1 %
Adjusted revenue of Digital Financial Services (2) 3,923 2,836 (27.7 )%
Revenue of Other Services 13,342 33,485 151.0 %
Total adjusted revenue (2) 197,039 578,818 193.8 %
Adjusted EBITDA for Digital Entertainment (2) 55,004 225,816 310.5 %
Adjusted EBITDA for E-commerce (2) (179,649 ) (235,253 ) 31.0 %
Adjusted EBITDA for Digital Financial Services (2) (8,570 ) (11,912 ) 39.0 %
Adjusted EBITDA for Other Services (2) (9,868 ) (8,484 ) (14.0 )%
Unallocated expenses (3) (1,591 ) (2,130 ) 33.9 %
Total adjusted EBITDA (2) (144,674 ) (31,963 ) (77.9 )%

(1) This was primarily due to fair value loss of $436.1 million on the 2017 convertible notes as our share prices during the quarter significantly exceeded the conversion prices of the 2017 convertible notes.

(2) For a discussion of the use of non-GAAP financial measures, see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

(3) Unallocated expenses are mainly related to share-based compensation and general and corporate administrative costs such as professional fees and other miscellaneous items that are not allocated to segments. These expenses are excluded from segment results as they are not reviewed by the Chief Operation Decision Maker (“CODM”) as part of segment performance.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2018

Revenue

The table below sets forth revenue and adjusted revenue generated from our reported segments. Amounts are expressed in thousands of US dollars (“$”).

For the Three Months ended March 31,
2018 2019
$ % of

revenue

$ % of

revenue

YOY%
Revenue
Service revenue
Digital Entertainment 110,658 71.4 173,399 49.3 56.7 %
E-commerce and other services 32,451 20.9 130,663 37.1 302.6 %
Sales of goods 11,935 7.7 47,804 13.6 300.5 %
Total revenue 155,044 100.0 351,866 100.0 126.9 %
2018 2019
$

% of total

adjusted

revenue

$

% of total

adjusted

revenue

YOY%
Adjusted revenue
Service revenue
Digital Entertainment 146,030 74.1 393,306 67.9 169.3 %
E-commerce and other services 39,074 19.8 137,615 23.8 252.2 %
Sales of goods 11,935 6.1 47,897 8.3 301.3 %
Total adjusted revenue 197,039 100.0 578,818 100.0 193.8 %

Our total revenue increased by 126.9% to US$351.9 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$155.0 million in the first quarter of 2018. Our total adjusted revenue increased by 193.8% to US$578.8 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$197.0 million in the first quarter of 2018. These increases were mainly driven by the growth in each of the segments detailed as follows:

  • Digital Entertainment: Revenue increased by 56.7% to US$173.4 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$110.7 million in the first quarter of 2018. Adjusted revenue increased by 169.3% to US$393.3 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$146.0 million in the first quarter of 2018. This increase was primarily due to the increase of our active user base as well as the deepened paying user penetration as we continue to bring new and engaging content to our users and enhance the game and monetization features based on a deep understanding of local preferences and conditions as well as our strong efforts in eSports and community-building.
  • E-commerce and other services: Revenue increased by 302.6% to US$130.7 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$32.5 million in the first quarter of 2018. Adjusted revenue increased by 252.2% to US$137.6 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$39.1 million in the first quarter of 2018. This increase was primarily driven by the growth of our e-commerce marketplace, and development in each of our marketplace revenue streams – transaction-based fees, value-added services, and advertising. As we deepened our relationships and engagement with sellers and buyers, and enhanced our e-commerce ecosystem, more users are using our integrated and value-added services, as well as ancillary services we provide.
  • Sales of goods: Revenue increased by 300.5% to US$47.8 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$11.9 million in the first quarter of 2018. Adjusted revenue increased by 301.3% to US$47.9 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$11.9 million in the first quarter of 2018. The increase was primarily due to the increase in our product offerings.

Cost of Revenue

Our total cost of revenue increased by 113.2% to US$312.4 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$146.5 million in the first quarter of 2018.

  • Digital Entertainment: Cost of revenue increased by 33.1% to US$84.6 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$63.6 million in the first quarter of 2018. The increase was largely in line with revenue growth in our digital entertainment business. Improvement in gross profit margins was largely due to higher share from our self-developed game.
  • E-commerce and other services: Cost of revenue for our e-commerce and other services combined increased by 146.3% to US$174.4 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$70.8 million in the first quarter of 2018. The increase was primarily due to costs incurred in line with the expansion of our e-commerce marketplace, higher bank transaction fees driven by GMV growth from our e-commerce business, higher costs associated with other ancillary services we provided to our e-commerce platform users, as well as higher staff compensation and benefit costs.
  • Cost of goods sold: Cost of goods sold increased by 339.4% to US$53.4 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$12.2 million in the first quarter of 2018. The increase was largely in line with the increase in our product offerings.

Other Operating Income

Our other operating income increased by 373.7% to US$3.5 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$0.7 million in the first quarter of 2018. The increase was primarily due to an increase in sponsorship from partners who participated in our events and tournaments.

Sales and Marketing Expenses

Our total sales and marketing expenses increased by 17.0% to US$178.0 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$152.1 million in the first quarter of 2018. The table below sets forth the breakdown of the sales and marketing expenses of our two major reporting segments. Amounts are expressed in thousands of US dollars (“$”).

For the Three Months

ended March 31,

2018 2019 YOY%
Sales and Marketing Expenses $ $
Digital Entertainment 16,243 19,989 23.1%
E-commerce 127,198 147,897 16.3%
  • Digital Entertainment: Sales and marketing expenses increased by 23.1% to US$20.0 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$16.2 million in the first quarter of 2018. The increase was primarily due to the new game launch.
For the Three Months

ended March 31,

2018 2019
Digital Entertainment $ $
Sales and marketing expenses 16,243 19,989
Adjusted revenue 146,030 393,306
Sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of adjusted revenue 11.1% 5.1%

Sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of adjusted revenue decreased to 5.1% in the first quarter of 2019 from 11.1% in the first quarter of 2018 as we continue to improve the efficiency of our marketing efforts.

  • E-commerce: Sales and marketing expenses increased by 16.3% to US$147.9 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$127.2 million in the first quarter of 2018. The increase in marketing efforts was aligned with our strategy to fully capture the market growth opportunity and was primarily attributable to the ramping up of offline and online digital marketing as well as higher staff compensation and benefit costs.
For the Three Months

ended March 31,

2018 2019
E-commerce $ $
Sales and marketing expenses 127,198 147,897
GMV 1,941,403 3,529,326
Sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of GMV 6.6% 4.2%

Sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of GMV decreased to 4.2% in the first quarter of 2019 from 6.6% in the first quarter of 2018 as we continue to improve the efficiency of our marketing efforts.

General and Administrative Expenses

Our general and administrative expenses increased by 70.0% to US$75.6 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$44.5 million in the first quarter of 2018. This increase was primarily due to the expansion of our staff force and the increase in office facilities and related expenses.

Research and Development Expenses

Our research and development expenses increased by 166.1% to US$28.5 million in the first quarter of 2019 from US$10.7 million in the first quarter of 2018, primarily due to the increase in research and development staff force.

Non-operating Income or Losses, Net

Non-operating income or losses consist of interest income, interest expense, investment gain (loss), fair value change for the 2017 convertible notes and foreign exchange gain (loss). We recorded a net non-operating loss of US$442.8 million in the first quarter of 2019, compared to a net non-operating loss of US$18.2 million in the first quarter of 2018. This was primarily due to fair value loss of US$436.1 million on the 2017 convertible notes as our share prices during the quarter significantly exceeded the conversion prices of the 2017 convertible notes.

Income Tax Expense

We had a net income tax expense of US$7.2 million in the first quarter of 2019 and net income tax credit of US$0.8 million in the first quarter of 2018. The income tax expense in the first quarter of 2019 was primarily due to withholding tax and corporate income tax expenses incurred by our digital entertainment segment, partially offset by deferred tax assets recognized during the period.

Share of Results of Equity Investees

We had share of loss of equity investees of US$0.4 million in the first quarter of 2019, compared with US$0.6 million in the first quarter of 2018.

Net Loss

As a result of the foregoing, we had net losses of US$689.6 million and US$216.2 million in the first quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively. The higher net losses were primarily due to fair value loss of US$436.1 million recognized in the quarter arising from fair value accounting treatment for the 2017 convertible notes issued before our IPO.

Net Loss Excluding Share-based Compensation and Changes in Fair Value of the 2017 Convertible Notes

Net loss excluding share-based compensation and changes in fair value of the 2017 convertible notes, was US$237.3 million and US$186.7 million in the first quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Webcast and Conference Call Information

The Company’s management will host a conference call today to review Sea’s business and financial performance.

Details of the conference call and webcast are as follows:

Date and time: 8:00 PM U.S. Eastern Time on May 21, 2019
8:00 AM Singapore / Hong Kong Time on May 22, 2019
Webcast link:

https://services.choruscall.com/links/se190521.html

Dial in numbers: US Toll Free: 1-888-317-6003 Hong Kong: 800-963-976
International: 1-412-317-6061 Singapore: 800-120-5863
United Kingdom: 08-082-389-063

Passcode for Participants: 9462467

A replay of the conference call will be available at the Company’s investor relations website (https://www.seagroup.com/investor/financials). An archived webcast will be available at the same link above.

About Sea Limited

Sea’s mission is to better the lives of the consumers and small businesses of our region with technology. Our region includes the key markets of Indonesia, Taiwan, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia and Singapore. Sea operates three businesses across digital entertainment, e-commerce, and digital financial services, known as Garena, Shopee, and AirPay, respectively.

Forward-Looking Statements

This announcement contains forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “will,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “confident,” “guidance,” and similar statements. Among other things, statements that are not historical facts, including statements about Sea’s beliefs and expectations, the business, financial and market outlook, and projections from its management in this announcement, as well as Sea’s strategic and operational plans, contain forward-looking statements. Sea may also make written or oral forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), in its annual report to shareholders, in press releases, and other written materials, and in oral statements made by its officers, directors, or employees to third parties. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: Sea’s goals and strategies; its future business development, financial condition, financial results, and results of operations; the growth in, and market size of, the digital entertainment, e-commerce and digital financial services industries in the region, including segments within those industries; changes in its revenue, costs or expenditures; its ability to continue to source, develop and offer new and attractive online games and to offer other engaging digital entertainment content; the growth of its digital entertainment, e-commerce and digital financial services businesses and platforms; the growth in its user base, level of user engagement, and monetization; its ability to continue to develop new technologies and/or upgrade its existing technologies; growth and trends of its markets and competition in its industries; government policies and regulations relating to its industries; and general economic and business conditions in the region. Further information regarding these and other risks is included in Sea’s filings with the SEC. All information provided in this press release and in the attachments is as of the date of this press release, and Sea undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required under applicable law.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP, we use the following non-GAAP financial measures to help evaluate our operating performance:

  • “Adjusted revenue” of our digital entertainment segment represents revenue of the digital entertainment segment plus change in digital entertainment deferred revenue. This financial measure is used as an approximation of cash spent by our users in the applicable period that is attributable to our digital entertainment segment. Although other companies may present such measures related to gross billings differently or not at all, we believe that the adjusted revenue of our digital entertainment segment provides useful information to investors about the segment’s core operating results, enhancing their understanding of our past performance and future prospects.
  • “Adjusted revenue” of our e-commerce segment represents revenue of the e-commerce segment (currently consisting of marketplace revenue and product revenue) plus certain revenues that were net-off against their corresponding sales incentives. This financial measure enables our investors to follow trends in our e-commerce monetization capability over time and is a useful performance measure.
  • “Adjusted revenue” of our digital financial services segment represents revenue of the digital financial services segment plus certain revenues that were net-off against their corresponding sales incentives.
  • “Total adjusted revenue” represents the sum of the adjusted revenue of our digital entertainment segment, the adjusted revenue of our e-commerce segment, the adjusted revenue of our digital financial services segment, and the revenue of our other services. This financial measure enables our investors to follow trends in our overall group monetization capability over time and is a useful performance measure.
  • “Adjusted EBITDA” for our digital entertainment segment represents operating income (loss) before share-based compensation plus (a) depreciation and amortization expenses, and (b) the net effect of changes in deferred revenue and its related cost for our digital entertainment segment. Although other companies may calculate adjusted EBITDA differently or not present it at all, we believe that the segment adjusted EBITDA helps to identify underlying trends in our operating results, enhancing their understanding of the past performance and future prospects.
  • “Adjusted EBITDA” for our e-commerce segment, digital financial services segment and other services segment represents operating income (loss) before share-based compensation plus depreciation and amortization expenses. Although other companies may calculate adjusted EBITDA differently or not present it at all, we believe that the segment adjusted EBITDA helps to identify underlying trends in our operating results, enhancing their understanding of the past performance and future prospects.

Contacts

For enquiries:
Martin Reidy
Investors / analysts: ir@seagroup.com
Media: media@seagroup.com

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